Obesity in Teens
The factors that influence obesity among adolescents are the same as those among adults. Hormonal disorders, such as an underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism) or overactive adrenal glands, may result in obesity but are rarely the cause. Adolescents with weight gain caused by hormonal disorders are usually short and most often have other signs of the underlying disorder. Any obese adolescent who is short and has high blood pressure should be tested for the hormonal disorder Cushing syndrome. Genetics play a role, which means that some people are at greater risk of obesity than others. Because of society’s stigma against obesity, many obese adolescents have a poor self-image and may become increasingly socially isolated. Overweight is BMI-for-age greater than 1 standard deviation above the WHO Growth Reference median; and
· obesity is greater than 2 standard deviations above the WHO Growth Reference median.